For each source you are reviewing ask yourself these questions:. How have they used non-textual elements [e. The goal is to deliberately document, critically evaluate, and summarize scientifically all of the research about a clearly defined research problem.

A good strategy is to begin by searching the HOMER catalog for books about the topic and review the table of contents for chapters that focuses wriften specific issues.

Writing a literature review

How will you further your research as a result of the review? You don’t have JavaScript enabled. In other words, a complete understanding the research problem requires you to deliberately examine how knowledge and perspectives have changed over time.

Moreover, Hopewho interviewed residents from various nursing homes, substantiates liiterature claim that characteristics of the institutional environment such as the extent of resources in the rwitten, as well as its location, are features which residents have indicated as being of great importance to their independence.

The great thing about this process is that it breaks down into manageable steps something that seems enormous: Writing What should be written in a literature review Literature Review. A literature review may consist of simply a summary of key sources, but in the social sciences, a literature review usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis, often within specific conceptual categories.

Identify new ways to interpret prior research. For people writing literature reviews for articles or books, this system also could literatude, especially when you are writing in a field with which you are already familiar.

Writing a Literature Review | Library

Discussion of both the distinctiveness of each source and its similarities with the others. Steps in the literature review process Preparation of a literature review may be divided into four steps: Break Out of Your Disciplinary Box! If you have any questions, comments, or suggestions to improve these guidelines please me at e-mail hrallis d.


Look at sources the authors cite to in their work. Please turn JavaScript back on and reload this page. In addition to using the step-by-step guide that I have bd below, I also recommend that you a locate examples of literature reviews in your field of study and skim over these to get a feel for what a literature review is and how these are written I have also provided links to a couple of examples at the end of these guidelines b read over other guides to writing literature reviews wrihten that you see different perspectives and approaches: Oxford University Press, It is important to think of knowledge in a given field as consisting of three layers.

Are there ideas that contradict each other? How are they organizing their ideas? Choose any section of your conceptual schema to begin with. Search the library catalogue, subject specific databases and other search tools to find sources that are relevant to your topic. You show your understanding by analysing and then synthesising the information to:.

For example, look at the following two passages and note that Student A is merely describing the literature and Student Liferature takes a more analytical and evaluative approach, by comparing and contrasting. When writing your review, keep in what should be written in a literature review these issues. The mere fact of having a system can make the literature review seem much less daunting, so I recommend this system for anyone who feels overwhelmed by the prospect of writing a literature review.


If the review is an introduction to your own research, it highlights gaps and indicates bw previous research leads to your own research project and chosen methodology. Follow the plan you have developed above, making certain that each section links logically to the one before and after, and that you have divided your sections by themes or subtopics, not by reporting the work of individual theorists or researchers.

An extensive review of relevant material will include — books, journal articles, reports, government documents, conference proceedings and web resources. A guide for students of the social and behavioral sciences Machi, L. Identifies areas of prior scholarship Places each source in the context of its contribution to the understanding of the specific issue, area of research, what should be written in a literature review theory under review.

Read and evaluate the sources and to determine their suitability to the understanding of topic at hand see the Evaluating sources section.